Sri Garga Samhita
BY: SUN STAFF
Feb 06, CANADA (SUN)
The Worship of Sri Giriraja
katham dadhara bhagavan
girim govardhanam varam
ucchilindhram yatha balo
Sri Bahulasva said: Why did Lord Krishna lift Govardhana Hill as a child playfully lifts a mushroom.
vadaitac caritam divyam
O best of sages, please tell that wonderful and glorious transcendental pastime of Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
varshikam hi karam rajne
yatha sakraya vai tatha
balim dadu pravrid-ante
gopah sarve krishivalah
Sri Narada said: As citizens pay an annual tax to their king, so the gopas, farmers all, at the end of each monsoon season offered a tribute to Indra.
cayam drishtvaikada harih
nandam papraccha sadasi
ballavanam ca srinvatam
Noticing the arrangements for the indra-yajn, as the gopas listened, Krishna asked a question of King Nanda.
sakrasya pujanam hy etat
kim phalam casya vidyate
laukikam va vadanty etad
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: What is the result of this worship of Indra? Do they say it brings a material result or a spiritual result?
sakrasya pujanam hy etad
etad vina naro bhumau
jayate na sukhi kvacit
Sri Nanda said: Worship of Indra brings both sense gratification and liberation. Without it a person cannot be happy in this world.
sakradayo deva-ganas ca sarvato
bhunjanti ye svarga-sukham sva-karmabhih
visanti te martya-padam subha-kshaye
tat-sevanam viddhi na mukti-karanam
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Indra and the other demigods enjoy living in Svargaloka because of their past karma. When their good karma is exhausted they again enter the world of humans. Please understand that worshiping them does not bring liberation.
bhayam bhaved vai parameshthino yato
varta tu ka kau kila tat-kritatmanam
tasmat param kalam anantam eva hi
sarvam balishtham su-budha viduh pare
Even the demigod Brahma is afraid of that, so what may be said of fruitive workers on the earth? They are are actually wise say that endless time is the most powerful, the supreme.
tatas tam asritya su-karmabhih param
bhajed dharim yajna-patim suresvaram
visrjya sarvam manasa kriteh phalam
vrajet param moksham asau na canyatha
With all their heart renouncing all material pious results, the wise take shelter of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and worship Him with the best of pious deeds. They, and not others, attain final liberation.
go-vipra-sadhv-agni-surah srutis tatha
dharmas ca yajnadhipater vibhutayah
dhishnyeshu caiteshu harim bhajanti ye
sa tv ihamutra sukham vrajanti te
The cows, saintly persons, fire-gods, demigods, Vedas, and principles of religion are all potencies of Lord Hari, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. They who, instead of worshiping the demigods, worship Lord Hari, attain happiness in this life and the next.
samutthito 'sau hari-vakshaso girir
govardhano nama girindra-raja-rat
samagato hy atra pulastya-tejasa
yad-darsanaj janma punar na vidyate
The hill named Govardhana is the king of the kings of the kings of mountains. It was born from Lord Hari's own chest. It has come here by the power of Pulastya Muni. By seeing it one becomes free from having to take birth again in this world.
sampujya go-vipra-suran mahadraye
datavyam adyaiva param hy upayanam
esha priyo me makha-raja eva hi
na ced yathecchasti tatha kuru vraja
First worship the cows, brahmanas, and demigods, and then make a great offering to Govardhana Hill. That offering is the king of yajnas and it is very dear to Me. If you do not desire to make that offering, then do whatever you wish.
tesham madhye 'tha sannando
gopo vriddho 'ti-niti-vit
aha nandasya srinvatah
Sri Narada said: Among them the elderly gopa Sannanda, who throughly knew the real principles of religion, became very pleased. As bewildered Nanda listened, Sannanda spoke to Lord Krishna.
he nanda-suno he tata
tvam sakshaj jnana-sevadhih
kartavya kena vidhina
pujadrer vada tattvatah
Sri Sannanda said: Dear son of Nanda, You are wealthy with a great treasury of transcendental knowledge. How should the hill be worshiped? Please truthfully tell.
giri-raja-bhuvam hy adhah
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: A person who controls his senses and engages in devotional service should collect the ingredients for the worship, anoint Govardhana Hill with cow-dung, . . .
draye snanam ca karayet
jalenapi dvijaih saha
. . . and, as he chants the mantras for the thousand-headed Purusha, with other brahmanas bathe the hill with Ganga water and Yamuna water.
tatah pancamritair girim
punah krishna-jalena vai
Then he should bathe the hill with streams of white milk, panamrita, fragrant flowers, and then Yamuna water again.
vastram divyam ca naivedyam
asanam sarvato 'dhikam
dattva dipavalim param
Then he should offer splendid garments, food, a great throne, many garlands and ornaments, and many lamps.
tatah pradakshinam kuryan
namaskuryat tatah param
tv idam evam udirayet
Then he should circumambulate the hill, offer obeisances, and with folded hands recite this mantra:
namo govardhanaya ca
Obeisances to you, who are Goloka's crown and the lap where Vrindavana forest grows! Obeisances to Govardhana Hill, the Supreme Personality of Godhead's parasol!
pushpanjalim tatah kuryan
nirajanam atah param
Then he should offer a handful of flowers and then, as mridangas, karatalas and other musical instruments make sweet sounds, he should offer arati to Govardhana Hill.
vedaham etam mantrena
Then he should chant the mantra that begins with vedaham", and then he should throw a shower of grains. In this way he should worship the hill. Then with great faith he should place a hill of food near Govardhana Hill.
Note: The mantra here is Sri Svetasvatara Upanishad 3.8:
vedaham etam purusham mahantam
aditya-varnam tamasah purastat
tam eva viditvati-mrityum eti
nanyah pantha vidyate 'yanaya
"I know that Supreme Personality of Godhead who is transcendental to all material conceptions of darkness. Only he who knows Him can transcend the bonds of birth and death. There is no way for liberation other than this knowledge of the Supreme Person."*
Then he should offer four, six, and five cups of Ganga and Yamuna water mixed with tulasi leaves.
kuryat sevam samahitah
tato 'gnin brahmanan pujya
gah suran gandha-pushpakaih
Then, with a peaceful heart, he should serve Govardhana Hill by offering it a feast of fifty-six kinds of food. Then with fragrant flowers he should worship the fire-gods, brahmanas, cows, and demigods.
dadyad bhojanam uttamam
After feeding the exalted brahmanas with fragrant and delicious foods, he should also give excellent foods to the others, even down to the dogeaters.
gavam nrityam ca karayet
mangalair jaya-sabdais ca
Then he should have the gopas and gopis dance among the cows and call out "Victory!" In this way he should perform a festival to worship Govardhana Hill.
tatra puja-vidhim srinu
go-mayair vardhanam kuryat
Now please hear how this worship should be performed when one is not near Govardhana Hill. One should make from cow-dung a model of Govardhana Hill.
pujaniyah sada martyair
girir govardhano bhuvi
Human beings on this earth should decorate thet model with many flowers, blades of grass, and a network of vines, and regularly offer worship to it.
kshiptvadrau tac-chilam nayet
grihniyad yo vina svarnam
sa maha-rauravam vrajet
A person who has a mountain of gold but does not use it to worship a stone he has taken from Govardhana Hill, goes to a terrible hell.
sevanam karayet sada
patakam na spriset tam vai
padma-patram yatha jalam
A person who regularly worships the Lord's form as Salagrama-sila is not touched by hell as a lotus leaf is not touched by water.
yah karoti dvijottamah
vagaha-phalam eti sah
An exalted brahmana who reularly serves a stone from Govardhana Hill attains the result of having bathed in all the holy rivers and lakes in the seven worlds.
varshe varshe karoti yah
iha sarva-sukham bhuktva-
mutra moksham prayati sah
A person who year after year elaborately worships Govardhana Hill attains all happiness in this life and liberation in the next.