Sri Garga Samhita
BY: SUN STAFF
Jan 01, CANADA (SUN)
Canto One, Volume Two
Revelation of the Universal Form to Nanda's Wife
prenkhe harim kanaka-ratna-maye sayanam
syamam sisum jana-mano-hara-manda-hasam
drishtyarti-hari mashi-bindu-dharam yasoda
svanke cakara dhrita-kajjala-padma-netram
Sri Narada said: Yasoda took dark Lord Hari, whose gentle
smile enchants the people's hearts, whose glance takes away their
troubles, who was decorated with dots of mashi, whose lotus eyes
were anointed with black kajjala, and who was resting in a cradle
of gold and jewels, on her lap.
padam pibantam ati-cancalam adbhutangam
tam lalayanty ati-ghrina mudam apa gopi
Filled with tender motherly love, the gopi attained great
happiness as she caressed the restless child now licking His
foot, decorated with a glittering half-moon necklace of lion's
nails, His limbs very wonderful, and handsome with curly new
balasya pita-payaso nripa jrimbhitasya
tattvani casya vadane sakale 'virajan
mata suradhipa-mukhaih prayutam ca sarvam
drishtva param bhayam avapa nimilitakshi
O king, when the child, finished with drinking milk, yawned,
all the elements of the universe suddenly appeared in His mouth.
Seeing the entire universe and all the demigods suddenly present
in her son's mouth, mother Yasoda, now closing her eyes, became
rajan parasya paripurnatamasya sakshat
krishnasya visvam akhilam kapatena sa hi
nashta-smritih punar abhut sva-sute ghrinarta
kim varnayami sutapo bahu nanda-patnyah
O king, her memory of seeing the entire universe destroyed
by the Supreme Lord Krishna's illusory potency, she became
overpowered with maternal love for her son. How can I describe
the many great austerities Nanda's wife must have performed?
nando yasodaya sardham
kim cakara tapo mahat
yena sri-krishnacandro 'pi
putri-bhuto babhuva ha
Sri Bahulasva said: What great austerities did Nanda and
Yasoda do that Sri Krishnacandra became their son?
ashtanam vai vasunam ca
drono mukhyo dhara-patih
deva-rajyam cakara ha
Sri Narada said: Nanda, Dhara's husband, was the best of the
eight Vasus. Childless, and a great devotee of Lord Vishnu, he
ruled a kingdom in the realm of the demigods.
ekada putra-kankshi ca
brahmana nodito nripa
mandaradrim gatas taptum
dharaya bharyaya saha
He desired a child. Sent by the demigod Brahma, he went with
his wife Dhara to Mount Mandara to perform austerities.
tatah parnasanau tatah
jala-bhakshau tatas tau tu
nirjalau nirjane sthitau
First they ate only fruits and roots. Then they ate only
leaves. Then they only drank water. Then, staying in a secluded
place, they did not even drink water.
arshanam arbude yate
tapas tat tapator dvayoh
brahma prasannas tav etya
varam bruhity uvaca ha
After they has spent a hundred million years performing
these austerities, the demigod Brahma, pleased with them,
approached and said, "Ask a benediction".
valmikan nirgato drono
dharaya bharyaya saha
natva vidhim ca sampujya
harshitah„ praha tam prabhum
Emerging from an anthill with his wife, Dhara, jubilant
Drona, bowing down and worshiping him, spoke to Lord Brahma.
bhaktih syad avayor brahman
Sri Drona said: O Brahma, may Lord Krishna, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, become our son, and may we both always
have love and devotion for him, the Lord who removes the
sufferings of His devotees.
nanyam param vanchitam syad
avayos tapator vidhe
Love and devotion for Him enables the living entities to
cross the impassable ocean of repeated birth and death. O Brahma,
we two who are performing austerities desire nothing else.
yuvabhyam yacitam yan me
durghatam durlabham varam
tathapi bhuyat sa-phalam
Sri Brahama said: Although I myself cannot attain the
benediction you request, I grant that your desire will be
fulfilled in another birth.
drono nando 'bhavad bhumau
yasoda sa dhara smrita
krishno brahma-vacah kartum
prapto ghoshe pituh purat
Sri Narada said: Drona was born as Nanda on the earth and
Dhara was born as Yasoda. To fulfill Brahma's words, Lord Krishna
went from His father's palace to the village of Vraja.
sudha-khandat param mishtam
On the summit of Mount Gandhamadana I heard these beautiful,
sweeter than nectar pastimes of Lord Krishna from the mouth of
kripaya ca kritartho 'ham
maya tubhyam ca kathitam
kim bhuyah srotum icchasi
By the mercy of Lord Nara-Narayana I attained the goal of
life. I have told you what They said. What more do you wish to
nanda-gehe harih sakshac
kim cakara balenapi
tan me bruhi maha-mune
Sri Bahulasva said: When He displayed His eternal form of a
child in Nanda's home, what pastimes did Lord Hari enjoy with
Balarama. O great sage, please tell me this.
saurina noditah sakshad
One day, sent by Vasudeva, the great saint Garga Muni came
with his disciples to Nanda's palace.
nandah sampujya vidhivat
sashtangam prananama ha
Following the rules of tradition, Nanda worshiped the great
sage, washing his feet and offering him many things. Then he
circumambulated him and offered obeisances, falling down like a
adya nah pitaro devah
santushta agnayas ca nah
pavitram mandiram jatam
Sri Nanda said: Today the pious forefathers, demigods, and
fire-gods are all pleased with us. Our home is now purified by
the dust of your feet.
kuru dvija maha-mune
punyais tirthais ca dushprapyam
O great brahmana sage, please perform my son's name-giving
ceremony. O lord, even by many sacred pilgrimages one cannot
attain what is attained by your visit.
karishyami na samsayah
gaccha nanda rahah-sthalam
Sri Garga Muni said: I will perform your son's name-giving
ceremony. Of this there is no doubt. I will tell who He was
before. O Nanda, go to a secluded place.
utthaya gargo nandena
balabhyam ca yasodaya
ekante go-vraje gatva
tayor nama cakara ha
Garga Muni rose and went with Nanda, Yasoda, and the two
boys, to a secluded place in the cow shed. There he performed the
grahan samsodhya yatnatah
nandam praha prasannango
After worshiping the deities headed by Ganesa, and after
carefully appeasing the deities of the planets, the great saint
Garga Muni, happy in every limb, spoke to Nanda.
Texts 25 and 26
namoccaram srinushva ca
ramante yogino hy asmin
sarvatra ramatiti va
gunais ca ramayan bhaktams
tena ramam viduh pare
sankarshana iti smritah
Sri Garga Muni said: Please hear the explanation of Rohini's
son's name. The yogis find their happiness (ramante) in Him, or
he is the greatest enjoyer (ramati), or with His transcendental
qualities He delights (ramayati) the devotees. For these reasons
the sages know Him as Rama. Because He was pulled (sankarshana)
from the womb He is also known as Sankarshana.
baladhikyad balam viduh
srinu nanda hy atandritah
Because when the universe is annihilated He alone remains
(avasesha), the sages know Him as Sesha. Because He is extremely
strong (bala), they know Him as Bala. O Nanda, please be
attentive and hear the names of your son.
jagatam mangalani ca
ri-karo rama ity api
His names at once purify the living entities. His names are
the auspiciousness of all the universes. In His name the letter K
stands for Kamala-kanta (the husband of the goddess of fortune).
Ri stands for Rama (the supreme enjoyer).
na-karo narasimho 'yam
a-karo hy aksharo 'gni-bhuk
Sh stands for Shad-guna-pati (the master of six opulences) or
Svetadvipa-nivasa-krit (The Lord who resides in Svetadvipa). N
stands for Lord Nrisimha. A stands for Akshara (the immortal) or
Agni-bhuk (the Lord who enjoys the offerings of agni-hotra
visargau ca tatha hy etau
sampralinas ca shat purna
yasmin cchuddhe mahatmani
The letter H stands for Nara-Narayana Rishi. In this way these
six letters combine to become the name of the pure Supreme
Note: In the Sanskrit alphabet the letter H is represented
by two dots. An example follows in parenthesis (:). The two dots
stand for the two sages Nara-Narayana.
tena krishnah prakirtitah
suklo raktas tatha pito
varno 'syanu-yugam dhritah
In this way the Supreme Personality of Godhead is known as
Krishnah. In white, red, and yellow forms He appears in the yugas
one after another.
dvaparante kaler adau
balo 'yam krishnatam gatah
tasmat krishna iti khyato
Now, at the end of Dvapara-yuga and the beginning of Kali-
yuga, He has a dark (krishna) complexion. For this reason He is
named Krishna. He is this boy, the son of Nanda.
tad devas cittam eva hi
tasmin yas ceshtate so 'pi
vasudeva iti smritah
The word "vasu" means "the senses", and the
word "deva" means "the heart". Because He acts in
the hearts and senses of the living entities, He is known as
ya jata kirti-mandire
tasyah patir ayam sakshat
tena radha-patih smritah
He is the husband (pati) of Radha, King Vrishabhanu's daughter
born in the palace of Queen Kirti, and therefore He is known as
chri-krishnah bhagavan svayam
goloke dhamni rajate
He is the original Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri
Krishna, the master of countless universes. He is splendidly
manifest in transcendental abode of Goloka.
so 'yam tava si_ur jato
bhaktanam rakshanaya ca
That same Supreme Personality of Godhead is now born as your
child. He has come to remove the earth's burden, to kill the
demons headed by Kamsa, and to protect the devotees.
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