Nov 21, 2013 HYDERABAD, INDIA (SUN) Author claims to have proven Jana Gana Mana, India's national anthem written in Sanskritized Bengali by the poet Rabindranath Tagore (Nobel Prize Winner) was meant for Krishna.
Nihar Singh, a writer from Hyderabad, has shown that Rabindranath Tagore wrote Jana Gana Mana, India's national anthem, for Lord Krishna. While the song is popular because of its use, these questions about its origin remain: What were Tagore's intentions when he composed this song? Whom did he actually write it for? After looking deeper into what had transpired at the time the song was written, and after analyzing the lyrics line by line, Nihar has established that Tagore wrote Jana Gana Mana for Lord Krishna; around the time of King George 5th's visit to India. This fact is not so widely known by the general public.
Nihar says that Tagore's greatness and his vision for India can be gauged from just two of his poems. In "Where the mind is without fear" he says that Tagore lays the conditions in which "India should awake" which were the last lines of the abovementioned poem. But in Jana Gana Mana, he says that Tagore literally describes the real ruler of Bharat, the unifying element of all the cultures of India, namely Lord Krishna. Nihar says that Tagore wanted the people of India back then to know for themselves that the real ruler of India was not King George 5th but someone who was reflected in the different cultures of India and who was their ultimate controller.
In Stanza 1 Line 2 of Jana Gana Mana, Tagore states that the name of the ruler of India must resound in the provinces of "Punjab, Sind, Gujaratha, Maratha, Dravida, Utkala Banga...". Nihar states that upon reflection it is Lord Krishna's names that resound in these provinces as names of the people of India. Nihar proves what Tagore was hinting at, with a few examples. He says that a person may be called as "Venkat" in Andhra Pradesh and as "Harbhajan" in Punjab. He adds that these are names of people belonging to two totally different cultures; however both these names simply refer to two different incarnations of Krishna namely Venkat and Hari respectively.
Nihar adds that in the above Stanza 1 Line 2 of Jana Gana Mana, Tagore was referring to people with God's names from all the religions of India. He says that names of god in Islam like "Rahim" which means "The Most Merciful" which describe the attributes of God are also to be included. He adds that it is in Sikhism where we come to know that it is "Ram" who has exhibited the qualities of being "Rahim" or being "the most merciful" while he was on this planet hence the Sikh hymn "Ram Rahim". Similarly he says that Lord Vishnu is known as "Jehovah", the four armed God in Judaism and Christianity. Nihar says that Tagore was referring to the one god, even if he was called by different names in the different religions and cultures of India, whose names were the names of all the diverse but united Indian people.
In Stanza 3 Line 2 of Jana Gana Mana, Tagore refers to the ruler of India as "an Eternal Charioteer". Nihar says that Tagore could only be referring to Lord Krishna as he was a charioteer to Arjuna, when he gave Arjuna the discourse of the Bhagawad Gita. In Stanza 3 Line 3 of Jana Gana Mana, Tagore refers to the conch shell of the ruler of India. Nihar states that while Lord Krishna used a conch shell called the Pancajanya, King George 5th was neither a charioteer nor did he use a conch shell during a war. Nihar offers these references by Tagore as proof that Tagore was referring to Lord Krishna as the ultimate ruler of India.