Sri Garga Samhita
BY: SUN STAFF
Feb 24, CANADA (SUN)
Canto Four, Volume Two
In the Story of the Yajna-sitas, the Glories of Ekadasi
akhyanam srinu maithila
Sri Narada said: O king of Mithila, please hear the story of
the yajna-sitas that beame gopis, a sacred and auspicious
story that fulfills all desires and removes all sins.
usinaro nama deso
dakshinasyam disi sthitah
ekada tatra parjanyo
na vavarsha sama dasa
In the south is a country named Usinara, where for ten years
it did not rain.
dhanavantas tatra gopa
sa-kutumba go-dhanais ca
Fearful that it would never rain, the wealthy gopas there
traveled, with their families and cows, to the circle of Vraja.
punye vrindavane ramye
vasam te cakrire nripa
O king, with the help of King Nanda, they made their homes
in beautiful and sacred Vrindavana by the shore of the beautiful
tesham griheshu sanjata
yajna-sitas ca gopikah
sri-ramasya vara divya
The yajna-sitas, who had recieved a blessing from
Lord Ramacandra, took birth in their homes as beautiful gopis
decorated with splendid youthfulness.
sri-krishnam sundaram drishtva
mohitas ta nripesvara
prashtum radham samayayuh
O king of kings, when they saw handsome Lord Krishna, they
becamne bewildered with love for Him. To ask what vow they might
follow to attain Krishna's mercy, they approached Sri Radha.
he radhe kanja-locane
vada kincid vratam subham
The gopis said: O Radha, O beautiful, lotus-eyed daughter of
King Vrishabhanu, please tell us what vow we may follow to attain
Lord Krishna's favor.
tava vasyo nanda-sunur
devair api su-durgamah
tvam jagan-mohini radhe
O Radha, You have made Lord Krishna, whom even the great
demigods cannot approach, into Your submissive servant. You are
the most beautiful girl in all the worlds. You have crossed to
the farther shore of the deep meaning of all the scriptures.
tena vasyo harih sakshad
bhavishyati na samsayah
Sri Radha said: To attain Lord Krishna's mercy you should
follow the vow of fasting on ekadasi. In that way You will make
Lord Krishna into your submissive servant. Of this there is no
namani vada radhike
mase mase vratam tasyah
kartavyam kena bhavatah
The gopis said: O Radha, please tell us the names of the
different ekadasis throughout the year. Month after month, how
should the different ekadasis be observed?
tithir ekadasi vara
Sri Radha said: During the dark fortnight of the month of
Margasirsha (November-December), in order to kill the demon Mura,
the holy day of ekadasi was born from the body of Lord Vishnu.
mase mase prithag-bhuta
tasyah shad-vimsatim namnam
Desiring your welfare, I will tell you the names of the
twenty-six most sacred ekadasis that appear in the differnet
utpattis ca tatha moksha
sa-phala ca tatah param
putrada shat-tila caiva
jaya ca vijaya tatha
Their names are: 1. utpatti, 2. moksha, 3. sa-phala, 4.
putrada, 5. shat-tila, 6. jaya, 7. vijaya, . . .
amalaki tatah pascan
namna vai papa-mocani
kamada ca tatah pascat
kathita vai varuthini
. . . 8. amalaki, 9. papa-mocani, 10. kamada, 11. varuthini, . .
mohini capara prokta
nirjala kathita tatah
kamini ca tatah param
. . . 12. mohini, 13. apara, 14. nirjala, 15. yogini, 16. deva-
sayani, 17. kamini, . . .
pavitra capy aja padma
indira ca tatah param
pasankusa rama caiva
tatah pascat prabodhini
. . . 18. pavitra, 19. aja, 20. padma, 21. indira, 22.
pasankusa, 23. rama, 24. prabodhini.
dve prokte malamasa-je
evam sad-vimsatim namnam
ekadasyah pathec ca yah
phalam apnoti so 'pi hi
There are also two more ekadasis, both named sarva-sampat-
prada, during the extra month of leap-year. In this way there are
twenty-six ekadasis in all. A person who chants the names of
these twenty-six ekadasis attains the result of following ekadasi
for one year.
ekadasyas ca niyamam
bhumi-sayi dasamyam tu
O girls of Vraja, please hear the rules for observing
ekadasi. On ekadasi one should control the senses and sleep on
the ground. On dvadasi one should eat only once.
eka-varam jalam pitva
brahme muhurta utthaya
caikadasyam harim natah
During ekadasi one should be pure-hearted and very clean,
wear clean garments, drink water only once, rise for brahma-
muhurta, and bow down to Lord Krishna
vapyam snanam tu madhyamam
tadage cottamam snanam
nadyah snanam tatah param
Bathing with well-water is an inferior kind of bath. Bathing
in a pond is better, bathing in a lake is better than that, and
bathing in a river is better still.
evam snatva nara-varah
nalapet tad-dine nicams
tatha pakhandino naran
In this way one should bathe. On ekadasi day one should be
free of greed and anger, and one should not talk to sinful
people, atheists, and offenders.
Texts 22 and 23
anyams caiva duracaran
nalapet sa vrati narah
A person who follows the vow of ekadasi should not talk to
liers, offenders of brahmanas, sinners, debauchees, thieves,
adulterers, and the ill-behaved and immoral.
kesavam pujayitva tu
naivedyam tatra karayet
dipam dadyad grihe tatra
In the home one should, with devotion in the heart, worship
Lord Krishna, and offer Him food and a lamp.
kathah srutva brahmanebhyo
dadyat sad-dakshinam punah
ratrau jagaranam kuryad
gayan krishna-padani ca
From the brahmanas one should hear the stories of Lord
Krishna. One should offer dakshina to them. One should keep a vigil,
singing the glories of Lord Krishna throughout the night.
Texts 26 and 27
kamsyam mamsam masurams ca
kodravam canakam tatha
sakam madhu parannam ca
vishnu-vrate tu kartavye
dasamyam dasa varjayet
dyutam kridam ca nidram ca
When ekadasi is ended, and the dasami day has come, one
should avoid these ten things: 1. eating from a brass dish, 2.
eating flesh, 3. masura dal, 4. kodrava grains, 5. chick-peas, 6.
spinach, 7. honey, 8. and the food of others, 9. eating twice,
and 10. sex. One should also avoid gambling, playing, sleeping,
chewing betelnuts, and brushing the teeth.
steyam himsam tatha ratim
krodhadhyam hy anritam vakyam
On ekadasi one should avoid harsh speech, slander, theft,
violence, sex, anger, and speaking lies.
kamsyam mamsam suram kshaudram
On the dvadasi one should avoid brass utensils, flesh,
liquor, honey, oil, speaking lies, pushti, shashti, and masura.
anena vidhina kuryad
By following these rules one should observe the great vow of
ekadasi and dvadasi.
kalam vada maha-mate
kim phalam vada tasyas tu
mahatmyam vada tattvatah
The gopis said: O noble-hearted one, please tell us when the
vow of ekadasi should be observed. What is the result of
following ekadasi? Please tell us. Please tell us in truth the
glories of ekadasi.
ghatika cet pradrisyate
tarhi caikadasi tyajya
If dvadasi starts within the first twenty-two hours of
ekadasi, one should not fast on ekadasi, but on dvadasi instead.
Note: One ghatika equals twenty-four minutes. Fifty-five
ghatikas equal twenty-two hours.
tyajya caikadasi tithih
tyajyo ganga-ghato yatha
As one avoids drinking a cup of Ganga water into which a
drop of wine has fallen, so one should avoid fasting on such an
ekadasi yada vriddhim
dvadasi ca yada gata
tada para hy uposhya syat
purva vai dvadasi-vrate
When ekadasi goes to its completion, and dvadasi arrives at
the proper time, then one should fast on ekadasi.
phalam vakshye vrajanganah
O girls of Vraja, now I will tell you the result of
following ekadasi. Simply by hearing this description one attains
the reuslt of performing a vajapeya-yajna.
dvijan bhojayate tu yah
tat kritam phalam apnoti
A person who follows the vow of ekadasi and dvadasi attains
the same pious result one attains by feeding eighty-eight
yo dadati vasundharam
A person who follows ekadasi attains a pious result
thousands of times greater than the pious result attained by
performing the ritual of mixing the earth and the ocean.
ye samsararnave magnah
For they who are drowning in the ocean of repeated birth and
death, an ocean muddy with many sins, the vow of fasting on
ekadasi is the best means of deliverance.
ratrau jagaranam kritvai-
na pasyati yamam raudram
yuktah papa-satair api
Even though contaminated with hundreds of sins, a person who
keeps a nighttime vigil while following the vow of ekadasi never
sees angry Yamaraja.
pujayed yo harim bhaktya
lipyate na sa papena
As a lotus leaf is never touched by water, so a person who
worships Lord Krishna with tulasi leaves on dvadasi is never
touched by sin.
kalam narhanti shodasim
The results of a thousand asvamedha-yajnas and a
hundred rajasuya-yajnas are not equal to even a sixteenth
part of the result of fasting on ekadasi.
dasa vai matrike pakshe
tatha vai dasa paitrike
priyaya dasa pakshe tu
purushan uddharen narah
A person who follows ekadasi delivers ten generations of his
mother's family, ten generations of his father's family, and ten
generations on his wife's family.
yatha sukla tatha krishna
dvayos ca sadrisam phalam
dhenuh sveta tatha krishna
ubhayoh sadrisam payah
As a white cow and a black cow both give the same kind of
milk, so the ekadasi of the bright fortnight and the ekadasi of
the dark fortnight both bring the same result.
ekam caikadasim gopyo
O gopis, a fire burns a great pile of cotton, so a single
ekadasi burns the great Mount Meru of sins committed in a hundred
vidhivad vidhi-hinam va
dvadasyam danam eva ca
sv-alpam va su-kritam gopyo
meru-tulyam bhavec ca tat
O gopis, when, either following the proper method or not
following it, and whether it is great or small, one gives charity
on dvadasi, that charity becomes as great as a Mount Meru of
srinute yo hareh katham
yat phalam labhate ca sah
A person who on ekadasi hears the stories of Lord Krishna
attains the same pious result he would attain by giving great
charity everywhere on the seven continents.
sankhoddhare narah snatva
drishtva devam gadadharam
kalam narhanti shodasim
A person who bathes at Sankhoddhara-tirtha and gazes at the
Deity of Lord Gadadhara there does not attain even one sixteenth
of the piety one attains by fasting on ekadasi.
Texts 48 and 49
prabhase ca kurukshetre
kasyam ca sukara-kshetre
danam dattam ca yan naraih
kalam narhanti shodasim
A person who makes four-hundred thousand pilgrimages to
Prabhasa, Kurukshetra, Kedara, Badarikasrama, Varanasi, and
Sukarakshetra during eclipses of the sun or moon and gives great
charity there does not attain even one sixteenth of the piety one
attains by fasting on ekadasi.
naganam ca yatha seshah
pakshinam garudo yatha
devanam ca yatha vishnur
varnanam brahmano yatha
vrikshanam ca yathasvatthah
patranam tulasi yatha
vratanam ca tatha gopyo
vara caikadasi tithih
O gopis, as Lord Sesha is the best of serpents, as Garuda is
the best of birds, as Lord Vishnu is the best of Deities, as the
brahmanas are the best of castes, as the banyan is the best of
trees, and as a tulasi leaf is the best of leaves, so fasting on
ekadasi day is the best of sacred vows.
tapas tapyati yo narah
tat-tulyam phalam apnoti
A person who follows ekadasi attains the result of
performing austerities for ten thousand years.
ittham ekadasinam ca
phalam uktam vrajanganah
kurutasu vratam yuyam
kim bhuyah srotum icchatha
O girls of Vraja, now I have described to you the result of
following the vow of ekadasi. Please follow the vow of ekadasi at
once. What more do you wish to hear?