Sri Garga Samhita
BY: SUN STAFF
Jan 15, CANADA (SUN)
Canto One, Volume Four
The Liberation of Bakasura
ekada carayan vatsan
sa-ramo balakair harih
bakam daityam dadarsa ha
Sri Narada said: One day, as He was herding the calves in
the company of Balarama and the boys, Krishna saw a great duck
demon by the Yamuna's shore.
vajra-tundo 'grasad dharim
Its form a white mountain, its feet gigantic, its quacking
the rumbling of clouds, and its beak a thunderbolt, the demon
swallowed Lord Krishna as the boys fled.
rudanto balakah sarve
ha-ha-karam tada kritva
devah sarve samagatah
All the boys wept as if they had lost their lives. All the
demigods came and cried out, "Alas! Alas!"
indro vajram tada nitva
tam tatada maha-balam
tena ghatena patito
na mamara samutthitah
Bringing his very powerful thunderbolt, Indra struck the
demon. With that blow the demon fell, but he did not die. Again
the demon stood up.
tam tatada rushanvitah
tena ghatena patito
Then Brahma became angry and with his brahma-danda struck
the demon. With that blow the demon fell and was unconscious for
Note: One ghatika equals 24 minutes.
vidhunvan sva-tanum vegaj
jrimbhitah punar utthitah
na mamara tada daityo
jagarja ghanavad bali
The demon powerful did not die. He shook his body, yawned,
again stood up, and roared like a cloud.
tam jaghana mahasuram
chinnaika-paksho daityo 'pi
na mrito 'ti-bhayankarah
With his trident Siva struck the great demon. One wing was
cut off, but still the very fearful demon did not die.
vayavyastrena vayus tam
sanjaghana bakam tatah
uccacala bakas tena
punas tatra sthito 'bhavat
With his wind-weapon Vayu struck the duck demon. The duck
flew away and then returned.
yamas tam yama-dandena
tadayam asa cagratah
tena dandena na mrito
bako vai canda-vikramah
With his yama-danda Yama struck the demon. With that blow
the very powerful duck did not die.
dando 'pi bhagnatam pragat
sa kshato nabhavad bakah
tadaiva cagratah praptas
Indeed, the yama-danda became broken, but the duck was not
hurt. Then powerful Surya approached.
sata-banair bakam daityam
tikshnaih paksha-gatair banair
na mamara bakas tatah
The archer Surya struck the demon duck with a hundred sharp
arrows flying to his wing. The duck did not die.
dhanadas tam ca khadgena
su-tikshnena jaghana ha
na mrito daitya-pungavah
With a sharp sword Kuvera attacked the demon. His second
wing was cut away, but the great demon did not die.
niharastrena tam somah
sitarto murchito daityo
na mritah punar utthitah
With his ice-weapon Soma struck the great duck. Tormented by
the cold, the demon fainted, but then again he stood up.
agneyyastrena tam hy agnih
na mamara maha-khalah
With his fire-weapon Agni struck the great duck. Even though
his feathers were burned to ashes, the very wicked demon did not
apam patis tam pasena
baddhva kau vicakarsha ha
karshanat sa maha-papas
chinno 'bhun na mritas ca vai
Varuna bound him with a rope and dragged him across the
ground. From the dragging the great sinner was hurt, but he did
tatada gadaya tam vai
param kasmalatam yayau
Then powerful goddess Bhadrakali struck him with a mace.
With that blow he fainted and fell into a deep coma.
vidhunvan sva-tanum punah
jagarja ghanavad viro
bako daityo maha-khalah
His head broken, the very wicked and powerful demon duck
rose, shook his body, and roared like a thundering cloud.
tada sakti-dharah saktim
tasmai cikshepa sa-tvarah
tayaika-pado bhagno 'bhun
na mritah pakshinam varah
Then Karttikeya threw his sakti-weapon at him. Although one
of his feet was cut, that demon, the best of birds, did not die.
tada krodhena sahasa
dhavan daityas tadit-svanah
devan vidravayam asa
Then, roaring like thunder, the demon angrily chased the
demigods and with his sharp beak made them flee.
agre palayitan devan
anvadhavad bako 'mbare
punas tatra gato daityo
nadayan mandalam disam
The demigods flew into the sky and the demon, filling the
circle of the directions with sound, flew after them.
tada devarshayah sarve
sarve brahmarshayo dvijah
sa-phalam casisham daduh
Then all the devarshis, brahmarshis, and brahmanas offered
blessings to Nanda's son, Krishna.
tadaiva krishnas tan-madhye
tatana vapur ujjvalam
caccharda krishnam sahasa
Then, from inside the duck Krishna expanded His glorious form.
His throat broken, the great duck at once vomited Krishna out.
punah krishnam samahartum
pucche grihitva tam krishnah
pothayam asa bhu-tale
When the duck came to catch Krishna in his beak, Krishna grasped
the duck's tail and threw him to the ground.
punar utthaya tundam svam
dadara tunde hastabhyam
krishnah sakham gajo yatha
The duck stood up again and opened his beak. With both hands
Krishna split the duck's beak as an elephant breaks a tree-branch.
tada mritasya daityasya
jyotih krishne samavisat
devata vavrishuh pushpair
Then the demon died. A light left his body and entered Lord
Krishna. With shouts of "Victory!", the demigods showered
gopala vismitah sarve
krishnam samslishya sarvatah
ucus tvam kusali-bhuto
mukto mrityu-mukhat sakhe
Filled with wonder, all the gopas embraced Krishna and said,
"Friend, You are saved from death's mouth!"
evam krishno bakam hatva
sa-balo balakaih saha
go-vatsair harshito gayann
After killing the duck, Krishna, cheerful and singing as He
went, returned with the boys and calves to (His father's) palace.
jagur grihe gata balah
srutvedam te 'ti-vismitah
When they entered the house, the boys told what Sri Krishna,
the Supreme Personality of Godhead, had done, and when the people
heard it they became filled with wonder.
ko 'yam daityah purva-kale
kasmat kena bako 'bhavat
sri-krishne linatam gatah
Sri Bahulasva said: Who was this demon before? Why did he
become a duck? Why was he able to enter Sri Krishna, who is the
Supreme Personality of Godhead and the master of all?
utkalo nama he nripa
rane 'maran vinirjitya
sakra-cchatram jahara ha
Sri Narada said: O king, he was a demon named Utkala, who
was Hayagriva's son. He defeated many demigods in battle and he
stole Indra's parasol.
tatha nrinam nripanam ca
rajyam hritva maha-balah
cakara varshani satam
Stealing from the kingdoms of many human kings, for a
hundred years this powerful demon ruled a kingdom full of all
ekada vicaran daityah
One day the demon came near Jajali's Muni's leaf hut at the
place where the Ganga meets the ocean.
jale nikshipya badisam
minan akarshayan muhuh
nishedhito 'pi munina
namanyata sa durmatih
Casting a fishhook into the water, the demon caught a fish.
Although forbidden again and again, the wicked-hearted demon gave
no respect (to the sage's words).
tasmai sapam dadau siddho
bakavat tvam jhashan atsi
tvam bako bhava durmate
The perfect sage Jajali cursed him: "O demon, you
eat fish like a duck, then become a duck!"
tat-kshanad baka-rupo 'bhud
patitah padayos tasya
natva praha kritanjalih
In a moment he became a duck. His powers lost and his pride
and arrogance gone, he fell with folded hands at the sage's feet
and spoke to him.
na jane te tapas-candam
mune mam pahi jajale
sadhunam bhavatam sangam
moksha-dvaram param viduh
Utkala said: O sage, save me! I did not know the power of
your austerities. (The wise) know that association with great
saints like yourself is the great door to liberation.
mitre satrau sama mane
sukhe duhkha-sama ye vai
tvadrisah sadhavas ca te
Saints like yourself see friends and enemies equally. They
see that honor and dishonor, gold and a clod of earth, and
happiness and unhappiness are all the same.
kim kim na jatam mahatam
darsanat kau mune nrinam
parameshthyam ca samrajyam
O sage, what, what does one not obtain by seeing great
saints? By seeing them one obtains Brahma's kingdom and Indra's
traivargyam kim abhuj janaih
sadhunam kripaya sakshat
purnam brahmapi labhyate
O Jajali, O tiger of sages, what is the use of the three
goals of life? By the mercy of great saints one can attain the
tada prasannah sa munir
jajalis tam uvaca ha
tapas taptam ca yena vai
Sri Narada said: Pleased, Jajali Muni, who had performed
austerities for sixty-thousand years, spoke to him.
hy ashta-vimsatime yuge
dvaparante bharate 'pi
Sri Jajali said: In the Vaivasvata-manvantara, in the
twenty-eighth yuga-cycle, at the end of Dvapara-yuga, in Bharata-
varsha, in Mathura, in the circle of Vraja, . . .
chri-krishno bhagavan svayam
vrindavane gavam vatsams
. . . Sri Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, will herd
many calves in Vrindavana forest.
tada tan-mayatam krishne
yasyasi tvam na samsayah
vairenapi param gatah
Then you will enter into Lord Krishna. Of this there is no
doubt. Even by hating Him, many demons, such as Hiranyaksha, have
already attained the Supreme.
ittham bakasuro daitya
utkalo jajaler varat
sri-krishne linatam praptah
sat-sangat kim na jayate
In this way, by Jajali's blessing, the demon Utkala became
Bakasura and entered into Sri Krishna. What is not possible by the
association of great saints?