Sri Garga Samhita
BY: SUN STAFF
Dec 18, CANADA (SUN)
Description of Questions About the Lord's Appearance
sridama subalah sakha
stoka-krishno 'rjuno 'msus ca
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: My friends Sridama
and Subala will take birth in the homes of Nanda and Upananda.
Stoka-krishna, Arjuna, and Amsu will take birth in the nine homes
of Nanda's relatives.
bhavishyanti sakhayo me
vraje sad vrishabhanushu
My friends Visala, Rishabha, Tejasvi, Devaprastha,
and Varuthapa will take birth among the six relatives of King
kasya vai nanda-padavi
kasya vai vrishabhanuta
vada deva-pate sakshad
Sri Brahma said: Who is Nanda? Who is Vrishabhanu? O master of
the demigods, please describe the nature of Upananda.
gah palayanti ghosheshu
sada go-vrittayo 'nisam
te gopala maya proktas
tesham tvam lakshanam srinu
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: They are cowherd
people. Day and night they protect the cows in the villages of
cowherds. Listen and I will describe them.
nandah proktah sa-gopalair
upanandas ca kathitah
The gopas say that Nanda is the master of 900,000 cows and
Upananda is the master of 500,000 cows.
vrishabhanuh sa ukto yo
gavam kotir grihe yasya
nanda-rajah sa eva hi
They say that Vrishabhanu is the master of a million cows and
at King Nanda's home are ten million cows.
koty-ardham ca gavam yasya
vrishabhanu-varas tu sah
etadrisau vraje dvau tu
sucandro drona eva hi
Vrishabhanuvara has five million cows, and Sucandra and Drona
in Vraja each have that number.
gopinam mad-vraje ramye
These two gopa kings will be rich with all virtues. In My
Vraja will also be hundreds of groups of beautiful, beautifully
dressed gopis, their faces like hundreds of moons.
he dina-bandho he deva
yuthasya lakshanam sarvam
tan me bruhi paresvara
Sri Brahma said: O friend of the poor, O Lord, O cause of
the universes' causes, O Supreme Personality of Godhead, please
completely describe these groups (of gopis).
munibhih kathitam vidhe
dasarbudam yatra bhavet
so 'pi yuthah prakathyate
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: O Brahma, the sages
say that the number one hundred million is called one arbuda. In
each group there are ten arbudas (one million).
kascid vai dvara-palikah
kascit kascic chayyopakarakah
Some of the gopis who live in Gokula are doorkeepers, some
decorate (the divine couple), and some prepare the (divine
parshadakhyas tatha kascic
Some of these gopi associates of the Lord protect the forest
of Vrindavana, some reside by Govardhana Hill, and some decorate
the forest groves.
bhavishyanti vraje mama
evam ca yamuna-yutho
jahnavi-yutha eva ca
Some will reside in the forests of My Vraja. Some will
reside by the Yamuna and some by the Ganges.
virajayas tathaiva ca
Rama, Madhu-Madhavi, Viraja, Lalita, and Visakha will each
lead a group.
eta hy ashta-sakhinam_ ca
sakhinam kila shodasa
dvatrimsac ca sakhinam tu
yutha bhavya vraje vidhe
O Brahma, in Vraja there will be groups led by eight gopi
friends, by sixteen gopi friends, and by thirty-two gopi friends.
maithilah kausalas tatha
Some of the gopis to be had been Personified Vedas, some
great sages, some women in Mithila, some women in Koshala, some
women in Ayodhya, some yajn-sitas, and some Pulinda
yasam maya varo datto
purve purve yuge yuge
tasam yutha bhavishyanti
gopinam mad-vraje subhe
In previous millennia having received a benediction from Me,
they will become various groups of gopis in My beautiful Vraja.
etah katham vraje bhavyah
kena punyena kair varaih
durlabham hi padam tad vai
Sri Brahma said: How will they become (gopis) in Vraja?
O Supreme Personality of Godhead, because of what pious deed or
what benedictions will they attain this position even the great
yogis cannot attain?
svetadvipe ca bhumanam
srutayas tushtuvuh param
ushatibhir girabhis ca
prasanno 'bhut sahasra-pat
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: When in Svetadvipa
the personififed Vedas offered prayers to Him with eloquent
words, the Lord's form who has thousands of feet became pleased.
varam vrinita yuyam vai
yan mano-vanchitam mahat
yesham prasanno 'ham sakshat
tesham kim durlabham bhuvi
Sri Hari said: Choose a benediction, whatever your heart
desires. What is difficult to attain for they with whom I am
tato na jnayate tu tat
ananda-matram iti yad
tad rupam darsayasmakam
yadi deyo varo hi nah
The personified Vedas said: Because You are beyond the
material mind and material words, we cannot perfectly understand
You. If You wish to give us a benediction, then please directly
show us Your transcendental form, which the scholars of the
Puranas say is full of bliss.
srutvaitad darsayam asa
svam lokam prakriteh param
matram aksharam avyayam
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Hearing this, the
Lord showed them His own abode, where there is only bliss and
there are neither decay nor death, . . .
yatra vrindavanam nama
vanam kama-dughair drumaih
. . . where there is the forest named Vrindavana, which is
opulent with beautiful forests of trees that fulfill all desires,
and which brings happiness in every season, . . .
yatra govardhano nama
. . . where there is the hill named Govardhana, which has
beautiful caves and swiftly-moving streams, which is made of
jewels and precious minerals, and which is filled with graceful
birds, . . .
kalindi saritam vara
. . . where there is the Yamuna, which is the best of rivers,
which has pure and delicious water, which is filled with lotuses,
swans, and other flowers and birds, and which has shores made of
precious jewels, . . .
. . . and where the infallible Lord, whose form is that of a youth,
stood among many gopis intoxicated by tasting the nectar of many
darsayitveti ca praha
bruta kim karavani vah
dritto madiyo loko 'yam
yato nasti param varam
Having revealed this, the Lord said: What more shall I do
for you? Tell Me. You have seen My realm. There is no benediction
better than (seeing it).
tvayi dritte manamsi nah
When we see You in this way, more handsome than millions of
Kamadevas, our hearts become troubled with amorous desires and we
yearn to become beautiful girls. Of this there is no doubt.
bhajanti ramanam matva
cikirshajani nas tatha
We yearn to become beautiful gopis in Goloka who worship You
as their lover.
durlabho durghatas caiva
satyo bhavitum arhati
Sri Hari said: Although your glorious desire is impossible
and can never be attained, I will grant it. It will become true.
agamini virincau tu
jate sritty-artham udyate
vraje gopyo bhavishyatha
When a new Brahma is born to create (the universe), and the
time of Sarasvata-kalpa arrives, you will become gopis in Vraja.
prithivyam bharate kshetre
mathure mama mandale
preyan vo rasa-mandale
On the earth, in Bharata-varsha, in the circle of Mathura, in
Vrindavana, in the rasa-dance circle, I will become your beloved.
su-dridham sarvato 'dhikam
mayi samprapya sarva hi
Passionately loving Me as your paramour, you will all become
tas ca gopyo bhavishyanti
anyasam caiva gopinam
lakshanam srinu tad vidhe
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Because of
the previous kalpa's benediction they will become gopis. O
Brahma, now hear the description of the other gopis.
rakshasanam vadhaya ca
tretayam ramacandro 'bhud
To protect the devotees and kill the demons the Lord
appeared in Treta-yuga as Dasaratha's son, the hero Ramacandra.
dhanur-bhangam cakara sah
uvaha janakim sitam
Lotus-eyed Rama went to Sita's svayamvara, broke the bow,
and married Janaka's daughter Sita.
tam drittva maithilah sarvah
purandhryo mumuhur vidhe
rahasy ucur mahatmanam
bharta no bhava he ragho
O Brahma, when they saw Him, all the married women of
Mithila were overcome with desire. In a secluded place they all
approached the Lord and said, "O descendent of Raghu,
please become our husband."
ta aha raghavendras ca
ma socam kuruta striyah
Rama, the king of the Raghavas, said to them, "O
women, don't be unhappy. At the end of Dvapara-yuga and I will
fulfill your desire."
tirtham danam tapo saucam
sraddhaya paraya bhaktya
vraje gopyo bhavishyatha
With great faith and devotion honestly go on pilgrimages,
give charity, perform austerities, and follow the rules of
cleanliness. Then you will become gopis in Vraja.
iti tabhyo varam datva
koshalan prayayau dhanvi
After giving them this benediction, Sri Rama, who is an
ocean of mercy and an expert bowman, with His great prowess defeated
Parasurama and then went to the country of the Koshalas.
marge ca kaushala naryo
manasa vavrire tam vai
Seeing on the path very handsome Lord Rama, who is more
charming than a host of Kamadevas, the women of Koshala in their
hearts chose Him to be their husband.
manasapi varam ramo
dadau tabhyo hy asesha-vit
vraje gopyo bhavishyatha
In His heart all-knowing Rama gave them this benediction:
"You will become gopis in Vraja, and then I will fulfill
agatam sitaya sardham
srutva drashtum samayayuh
When He came with Sita and with His army, the women of
Ayodhya went to see the joy of the Raghus.
vikshya tam moham apanna
tepus tapas tah sarayu-
Seeing Him, they become bewildered and fainted, overcome
with love. With a vow to attain Lord Rama they performed
austerities on the Sarayu's bank.
akasa-vag abhut tasam
bhavishyati na sandehah
A voice from the sky (said) to them, "At the end of
Dvapara-yuga, in the forest by the Yamuna's shore, (your) desire
will be fulfilled. Of this there is no doubt."
pitur vakyad yada ramo
dandakakhyam vanam gatah
cacara sitaya sardham
Then, because of His father's words, He went with Sita and
the expert bowman Lakshmana to the Dandaka forest.
dhyayantah satatam mam vai
All the sages in the Dandaka forest were worshipers of
Lord Gopala. To attain the rasa dance they always meditated on Me.
yesham asramam asadya
tesham dhyane gato ramo
He came to their asrama as a youth carrying bow and arrows.
Then He appeared in their meditation as a sage with matted hair.
anyakritim te tam vikshya
dhyanad utthaya dadrisuh
Surprised at heart by seeing this other form, they rose from
their meditation and saw Lord Rama, who was like millions of
ucus te 'yam nu gopalo
vamsi-vetre vina prabhuh
ittham vicarya manasa
nemus cakruh stutim param
They said, "He is Lord Gopala, who has come without
His flute and stick." Thinking in this way in their hearts, they
bowed down and offered eloquent prayers.
varam vrinita munayah
sri-ramas tan uvaca ha
yatha sita tatha sarve
bhuyah sma iti vadinah
Sri Rama said to them, "O sages, please choose a
benediction." They said, "As Sita is, so let us all
yatha hi lakshmano bhrata
tatha prarthyo varo yadi
adyaiva sa-phalo bhavyo
Sri Rama said: If you had asked this of My brother Lakshmana,
I would arrange that today your wish would bear its fruit.
sita yatheti vakyena
durghato durlabho varah
eka-patni-vrato 'ham vai
This request, to become "as Sita is" is impossible
and can never be granted. I have vowed to accept only one wife,
and I am the best of they who follow the rules of religion.
tasmat tu mad-varenapi
bhavatam vanchitam param
For this reason, by My benediciton, at the end of Dvapara-
yuga you will become (as She). Then I will fulfill your wish.
iti datva varam ramas
tatah pancavatim gatah
vana-vasam cakara ha
After giving this benediction, Rama went to Pa
24cavati. He went to a leaf-hut, and there He lived in the
pranams tyaktum samudyatah
When they saw Him, some aborigine girls became tortured with
lust. Overcome with love, they grasped the dust of His feet,
intent on then giving up their lives.
ramas tatra samagatah
ma kuryata striyo vritha
Assuming the form of a brahmacari, Rama went to them and said, "O women, do not give up your lives without good
bhavita vo manorathah
ity uktva brahmacari tu
"In Vrindavana, at the end of Dvapara-yuga, your
desire will be fulfilled." Saying this, the brahmacari disappeared.
atha ramo vanarendrai
jitva lankam etya sita-
pushpakena puram yayau
Then, aided by the monkey-kings, Rama defeated the nocturnal
demons headed by Ravana, entered Lanka and, on a flower-chariot
carrying Sita, returned to His own city.
sitam tatyaja rajendro
aho satam api bhuvi
Then, because of the criticism of the ordinary people, Rama,
the king of kings, abandoned Sita in the forest. Ah, this brought
great pain to the saintly devotees in the world.
yada yadakarod yajnam
tada tada svarnamayim
sitam kritva vidhanatah
Whenever he performed a yajna, lotus-eyed Rama,
following the rules of religion, had made a golden Deity of Sita.
mandire raghavasya ca
tas caitanya-ghana bhutva
rantum ramam samagatah
In Rama's palace there were many of these yajna
Deities of Sita. (One day) they came to life and approached Rama
to enjoy (with Him).
ta aha raghu-vamsendro
naham grihnami he priyah
tadocus tah prema-para
To them Rama, the king of the Raghu dynasty, said,
O beloved wives, I cannot accept you". Then, filled with
love, they said to Rama, the son of Dasaratha, . . .
katham casman na grihnasi
bhajantir maithilih satih
. . . "Why do You not accept us? We are all Sita, the
chaste daughter of the king of Mithila. We are half of Your body.
At the time of the yajnas we were Your assistants.
dharmishthas tvam sruti-dharo
'dharmavad bhashase katham
karam grihitva tyajasi
tatah papam avapsyasi
"You are a pious person. You know the teaching of
the Vedas. Why do You speak as one who is impious? First You take
our hand and then You reject us. From this You will incur sin."
samicinam vacah satyam
yushmabhir gaditam ca me
eka-patni-vrato 'ham hi
Sri Rama said: Your words are right. What you say to Me is
true. (Still,) I am religious king, and I have vowed to accept
only Sita as My wife.
tasmad yuyam dvaparante
punye vrindavane vane
yushmakam tu manoratham
Therefore at the end of Dvapara-yuga you will take birth in
the spiritual land of Vrindavana, and there I will fulfill your
ta vraje 'pi bhavishyanti
yajna-sitas ca gopikah
anyasam caiva gopinam
lakshanam srinu tad vidhe
These yajna Deities of Sita will also become gopis
in Vraja. Now hear, O Brahma, of the other gopis.